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2,000-year-old Roman fountain unearthed in Aizanoi

In the ancient city of Aizanoi, in the Çavdarhisar district of Kütahya, the remains of a 2,000-year-old fountain-like fountain belonging to the Roman period were unearthed.

The ancient city, which hosts the best preserved Zeus Temple in Anatolia, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List in 2012. This year’s part of the excavation work continues with the support of the Kütahya Governorship, Kütahya Dumlupınar University (DPU), with the sponsorship of Halk Investment and Gürok Tourism and Mining.

Excavation Director Prof. Dr. Gökhan Coşkun said, “Excavations in 2022 in Aizanoi were carried out in the agora (bazaar), Penkalas Stream, and the theater.”

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According to Coşkun, “the entire staircase structure of the monumental entrance door of the Temple of Zeus, located in the Agora in 2021, was brought to light. Right in front of the staircase (the courtyard of the agora), the marble floors of the courtyard have also begun to be unearthed.”

It has been reported that new remains have been found in the ancient city. It was also emphasized that the new findings found in the agora will shed light on the past of the ancient city.

“Remains of new stores from the ancient period were unearthed in the agora,” claims Coşkun.

“Like all other ancient cities, the heart of Aizanoi beats in the agora. In the bazaar of Aizanoi, there was a nearly square open courtyard 95 meters long. The floor of the courtyard was paved and covered with large marble slab stones. During the excavations carried out last year, 4 shops were unearthed in the south of the agora. During the excavations carried out this year, it was understood that there were rows of shops in the south of the agora, similar to those in the east.”

One of the shops was uncovered. It was stated that other shops were also lined up side by side. The fountain found is similar to the one found in the ancient city of Kibyra in Burdur.

One of the most significant discoveries made during this excavation era, according to Coşkun, is a fountain that is about 2,000 years old.

It was stated that the remains belonged to a round-planned nymphaion (fountain) structure in the northeast corner of the courtyard of the agora. It was added that such architectural remains are not frequently encountered in archaeological excavations.

Archaeologists stated that the rare fountain remains are very pleasing. It is also stated in the explanations that the water comes to the fountain from the canal in the center and that the structure resembles today’s fountains.

Coşkun remarked, “The agora was frequented all day long in antiquity. Traders benefit from this fountain. He stated that the fountain was made of marble in the form of a round pool and that water came from a channel in the middle, and that there was also a drainage channel.”

Lastly, Coşkun stated that “a structure with a diameter of 5 meters and 20 centimeters with a circular plan has been found for the first time in Aizanoi, and a similar example in Anatolia has been found in the ancient city of Kibyra in Burdur.”

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