• Tufan Akbay

273 million-year-old living fossils found

Updated: May 29

Species found to have existed since the Paleozoic era were found in the depths of the ocean near Japan.



It has been understood that life forms that have lived on the ocean floor for millions of years existed much longer than human history, according to the fossil record, and that they managed to survive by living out of sight.



The discovery of 273-million-year-old 'living fossils' was made by the discovery of two sea creatures that were found to have symbiotic life between them, 100 meters below the sea surface, near Japan's Honshu and Shikoku islands.


According to the fossil record, it was determined that the skeletons has not been changed at all.



The researchers completed their non-invasive research using a DNA barcode to identify the species.


The researchers, who discovered that these newly discovered specimens did not change the structure of the shellfish skeletons, said that this provides a possible clue as to why they have disappeared from the fossil record for so long. They discovered that fossils of soft-structured organisms were so rare that they could be overlooked.


"These specimens represent the first detailed records and examinations of a recent in vivo relationship between a crinoid (host) and an epibiont," the researchers said.



Crinoids and corals shared a long, symbiotic relationship millions of years ago; Here, corals used crinoids to climb higher than the seafloor, gaining access to more food found in ocean currents.


Source andCover photo: Arkeolojikhaber